"All of the Above" and Other Multiple-Choice Question Flaws


Patti shank 10082014 for print 9 (1)
President, Learning Peaks LLC
Webinar Recording Details
  • Date and Time
    Wed, Apr 28, 2021 at 12PM Pacific / 3PM Eastern
  • Duration
    1 Hour
  • Cost
    $0 (Free)
  • Want Access?
    Register to view the recording.


Research shows that way too many multiple-choice questions have serious writing flaws that damage assessment quality and validity, making the data from these questions hard or impossible to interpret. Poorly written multiple-choice questions can cause serious problems for participants and organizations, so we need to avoid them!  

In this session, we’ll analyze some of the top multiple-choice question-writing flaws, including using all of the above and none of the above as answer choices. You’ll gain practice, leave with a helpful job aid to remind you, and improve your multiple-choice question-writing skills.

In this session, you’ll:
  • Analyze why writing flaws can damage assessment validity and fairness.
  • Analyze some of the top multiple-choice question-writing flaws.
  • Practice fixing these multiple-choice question-writing flaws.

About Patti Shank, Ph.D., CPT

Patti Shank, PhD is an internationally-known workplace learning expert, instructional designer, researcher, and author who is regularly cited as one of the most influential people in workplace learning internationally.

Patti speaks regularly at training and learning technology conferences and is the author of Write and Organize for Deeper Learning, Practice and Feedback for Deeper Learning, and Manage Memory for Deeper Learning. These books offer practical tactics for improving outcomes based on training and other research.

She greatly enjoys helping learning practitioners hone skills that have a major impact on instructional outcomes. Her Write Better Multiple-Choice Questions course is praised by its many participants, many of whom said it transformed their question-writing practice. Her multiple-choice question-writing book is available on Amazon internationally. (This will be true soon.)
Patti’s articles are found on eLearning Industry and elsewhere. She received her Ph.D. at the University of Colorado, Denver. Her research on new online learners won an EDMEDIA best research paper award. Website: pattishank.com.

Books by Patti Shank, Ph.D., CPT


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